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Friday, February 27, 2015

Security Council draft press statement on Mosul Museum

SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT (FEBRUARY 27)
 
The members of the Security Council strongly condemned the ongoing barbaric terrorist acts in Iraq by ISIL [Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant] (Da’esh), including: the abduction of 100 Sunni tribesmen from outside Tikrit on February 25; the immolation of 45 Iraqis in Baghdadi on February 17; ongoing daily attacks targeting civilians in Baghdad; and the deliberate destruction of irreplaceable religious and cultural artifacts housed in the Mosul Museum and burning of thousands of books and rare manuscripts from the Mosul Library.  (SC/11437)
The members of the Security Council reiterated their condemnation of the destruction of cultural heritage in Iraq and Syria, particularly by ISIL, including targeted destruction of religious sites and objects, and noted with concern that ISIL and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida are generating income from engaging directly or indirectly in the looting and smuggling of cultural heritage items from archaeological sites, museums, libraries, archives, and other sites in Iraq and Syria, which is being used to support their recruitment efforts and strengthen their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks.  (UNSCR 2199)
 
The members of the Security Council stressed again that ISIL must be defeated and that the intolerance, violence, and hatred it espouses must be stamped out.  The members of the Council further emphasized that such continued acts of barbarism perpetrated by ISIL do not intimidate them, but rather stiffen their resolve and stressed that there has to be a common effort amongst Governments and institutions, including those in the region most affected, to counter ISIL, as the Council resolved in United Nations Security Council resolutions 2161 (2014), 2170 (2014) and 2199 (2015), and underscored the need for their full and immediate implementation by all member states. (SC/11625 and 11799)
The members of the Security Council reiterated that no act of violence or terrorism can reverse a path towards peace, democracy and reconstruction in Iraq, underpinned by the rule of law and respect for human rights, which is supported by the people and the Government of Iraq and the international community.  They reminded States that they must ensure that measures taken to combat terrorism comply with all their obligations under international law, in particular international human rights, refugee, and humanitarian law.  (based on SC/11799)

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Statement: Security Council urges all parties in Yemen to accelerate negotiations

The members of the Security Council called for all parties in Yemenincluding the Houthis, to adhere to resolving their differences through dialogue and consultation, reject acts of violence to achieve political goals, and refrain from provocation and all unilateral actions to undermine the political transition.

The members of the Security Council welcomed that the legitimate President of Yemen, Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi, is no longer under house arrest. The members of the Security Council demanded that the Houthis immediately, unconditionally and safely release Prime Minister Bahah, members of the Cabinet and all individuals still under house arrest or arbitrarily detained.
The members of the Security Council strongly called upon all parties, in particular the Houthis, to abide by the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue conference, and the Peace and National Partnership Agreement and its security annex, which provide for a Yemeni-led democratic transition in accordance with resolutions 2014 (2011), 2051 (2012), 2140 (2014), 2201 (2015) and 2204 (2015).
The members of the Security Council welcomed the intention of the President of Yemen, Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi to engage in good faith in the UN-brokered negotiations and urged all parties to accelerate these negotiations to be held in a location to be determined by Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Yemen, Jamal Benomar, to continue the political transition in order to reach a consensus solution in accordance with the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue conference, and the Peace and National Partnership Agreement and its security annex, and to implement it.
The members of the Security Council reaffirmed its support for and commitment to the work of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Yemen, Jamal Benomar,  in assisting the parties in reaching consensual agreements in order to resolve the political crisis.
The members of the Security Council stressed the importance of all parties allowing all Yemenis to assemble peacefully without fear of attack, injury, arrest, or retaliation.
The members of the Security Council reaffirmed its strong commitment to the unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Yemen.
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Draft statement on Assyrians/ Isil

Draft press statement 

The members of the Security Council strongly condemned the killing and abduction of more than one hundred Assyrians by ISIL on 23 February 2015 in the North-East of Syria as well as destruction and desecration of Christian religious sites. Such crimes once again demonstrate the brutality of ISIL which is responsible for thousands of crimes and abuses against people from all faiths, ethnicities and nationalities and without regard to any basic value of humanity.

The members of the Security Council strongly condemned all acts of violence against civilians including those committed on the basis of their ethnicity, religion or belief.


The members of the Security Council demanded the immediate and unconditional release of all those abducted by terrorist groups, and stressed that those responsible for such heinous acts must be held accountable.
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Friday, February 20, 2015

UK draft statement on Libya

The members of the Security Council expressed their deep concern at the situation in Libya. They reiterated their condemnation of recent terrorist attacks in Libya, including the heinous killing of 21 Coptic Christians by an affiliate of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh). 
The members of the Security Council reaffirmed their full support for Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Bernardino León, and urged all parties in Libya to engage constructively with his efforts to facilitate a political solution to the increasing challenges facing the country.
The members of the Security Council underscored that the urgency of the terrorism threat and the continuing political and security crisis called for a swift agreement on the formation of a national unity government, based on clear timelines. 
The members of the Security Council commended those parties that have so far participated in the UN-facilitated talks and strongly encouraged all parties to seize this opportunity to join the UN process in the coming days in a constructive spirit of reconciliation.
The members of the Security Council reaffirmed their readiness to consider sanctions under resolution 2174 (2014) against those who seek to impede this process and undermine Libya’s democratic transition.

The members of the Security Council reiterated that there is no military solution to the political crisis in Libya, and they reiterated their call for an immediate and unconditional ceasefire that is respected and upheld by all parties in Libya.
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Thursday, February 19, 2015

De Mistura's briefing to Security Council behind closed doors: Don't call me Mr. Freeze

 STAFFAN DE MISTURA 
SPECIAL ENVOY FOR SYRIA

BRIEFING TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL
ON THE SITUATION IN SYRIA
17 FEBRUARY 2015

Mr. President, Members of the Security Council,
1. Since I briefed this Council last October, my Deputy and I have actively pursued consultations about Syria in the country, the region and in concerned capitals.  And I am just back from my third visit to Damascus as Special Envoy.  Earlier I met with commanders of Syrian armed opposition groups in Gaziantep, and have been in regular contact with the political representatives of the opposition, including in Istanbul.  During visits to Qatar, Egypt, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Iran and Jordan, and additional interactions with Lebanese, Emirati, Kuwaiti and Bahraini officials, the LAS Secretary-General, EU Foreign Ministers, the US Secretary of State and the Russian Foreign Minister among others, I have sought to identify the threshold for relaunching an intra-Syrian and an international dialogue related to Syria.  Such diplomatic consultations are bound to intensify now in the months to come as we jointly search for a constructive political process to end the conflict. A political process without preconditions for relaunching talks on the basis of the Geneva Communique aiming at a comprehensive settlement.  

2. The dimensions of this conflict have gone far beyond Syria's borders. Physical control of parts of the country is now divided between the government, armed opposition groups and listed terrorist organizations, with some warlordism and even banditry on the rise. The country has effectively turned into a fertile ground in some areas for radical armed groups from within and outside Syria. The so called Islamic State/Daesh has de facto erased the Syrian-Iraqi border we hope not for longer.  Its own  acts of horror have extended far beyond Raqqa. There has been significant spillover of armed conflict from Syria into Lebanon. Tensions have heightened with neighbors to the south. What we are discovering is in fact that failure to stop this conflict is actually dangerous not only for Syrians and their neighbors, but the rest of the world. Stopping it requires an intra-Syrian solution, but absent real international determination, in theory from the Security Council too, to make it happen, things will worsen - for everyone.

Mr. President,
3. Within Syria the situation on the ground has remained fluid. Neither the government nor the opposition, let's be frank, appear to have made strategic military gains - though we need to further assess the implications of today's major government offensive in villages north of Aleppo near a major supply road which if cut off could accelerate the siege of the city of Aleppo. Daesh and al Nusra on the other hand have made advances on account of moderate groups losing ground. Recent months witnessed widespread conflict and high levels of violence, from Quneitra to Aleppo, from Deir ez Zor to Rif Damascus and Idlib. The conduct of hostilities by all parties continues to be unfortunately often characterized by the pervasive disregard for the protection of civilians with indiscriminate aerial bombings, including the use of barrel bombs, shelling, mortars and gas canisters- some used by the opposition, as well as IEDs and VBIEDs.  Civilian infrastructure has been continuously attacked with basic services, including electricity and water, cut, leaving several thousands of Syrians affected. 

4. In the south, recent weeks saw a dramatic escalation in fighting.  In rural Damascus attacks intensified in several towns of Eastern Ghouta, particularly Duma, with heavy artillery fire, including surface-to-surface missiles from the government, resulting in an estimated 200 civilian casualties. These attacks triggered public outrage and appeals including by the SOC President Khaled Khoja and Moaz Khatib to the UN to ensure full implementation of resolution 2139 which demands an end to attacks on civilians, as well as the indiscriminate use of weapons in populated areas.  In two attacks, Jaish al-Islam launched a barrage of mortars and katyusha rockets on Damascus, hitting civilian areas and causing dozens of deaths. On 1 February a bus carrying Lebanese pilgrims visiting Shia sites was ripped through in central Damascus by a bomb placed inside the vehicle, killing reportedly 20 and injuring scores of others.  Al Nusra claimed responsibility for the attack.  A large pro-government offensive in Dar’a and Quneitra led to significant displacement and limited access to the area by relief organizations. This took place in a context of heightened tension in southern Syria, further to the UNDOF-observed air violation from the Alpha side on 18 January, which coincided with a reported Israeli airstrike on the Golan. 

5. In Deir ez-Zor, Government forces carried out aerial bombardments of Daesh-held areas and engaged in ground clashes in civilian areas. In Hasakeh, the situation appears to have reverted to the status quo ante after clashes between the Kurds and the pro-government National Defence Forces. In Kobane, Dash remained on the back foot.  Operations by the US-led coalition intensified, including in the aftermath of the widely condemned horrific immolation of the Jordanian pilot- Muath al Kassasbeh.

6. Shelling and aerial bombardment continued in Aleppo governorate with dozens of civilians killed in opposition-controlled areas in January, while Daesh was largely responsible for the 50 civilian deaths in government-controlled areas. Despite these attacks, Daesh appears not to have made any major inroads to the west and has yet no presence in the city. Al Nusra has instead made considerable advances, coexisting with the newly-formed Jabha Shamia. Before today's -still unfolding and we are watching this-government offensive the lines of division had remained more or less broadly static and a complete siege of the city largely avoided, so far.

Mr. President, 
7. We have all repeated it, though not everyone seems to have internalised it, this war cannot be won by military means. Parties claim to be acting for fellow Syrians- but more and more Syrians continue to suffer. Syrian refugees are struggling to stay warm this winter; thousands inside Syria are besieged and short of food, trying to stay safe amidst bombardments, or are being arbitrarily detained and/or abused in prisons or other places of detention. This all points to the imperative that all parties to the conflict do their utmost to spare civilians.  And it reinforces the Secretary-General's  Human Rights Up-front agenda as the UN's guiding principle in identifying any opportunity for de-escalation of violence. This means at least ending indiscriminate bombardment in populated areas. It means ending the bombing of medical facilities and schools.  It means bringing arbitrary detention, forced disappearances, kidnappings, and torture to an end, with perpetrators ultimately held accountable. This is a message that the entire international community, including especially those with influence over the Syrian parties, must take up and repeat. 

8. It is with the immediate priority to stem violence in mind, that I put forth the "freeze" proposal. Defined both as a freezing of the fronts and - to start with - a halt of the most egregious tools of violence in the form of heavy weapons, the freeze is aimed at providing a reprieve for civilians and creating some space for accelerated and unhindered relief operations. Aleppo's prominence means that a reduction in violence there could yield a sign of hope and stability, a strategic de-escalation of violence that may be local in nature frankly but have a national impact. The unacceptable conditions for civilians, confirmed recently by Amnesty International, further underscores the identification of Aleppo city as a candidate for the freeze - there are frankly many others and we will try to push for them too- given the potential benefits for civilians. In many ways, Aleppo and its symbolic value has served its purpose in what the city has come to signify. The concept is and should be distinct from local agreements in that it tested the parties’ proclamations of acting in the interest of civilians and in favor of national reconciliation. For the freeze to stand a chance of success, in Aleppo or elsewhere, all parties involved must demonstrate some political will based on a desire to ease the suffering of the Syrian people. In the latter context, a recent poll revealed that in fact 54% of inhabitants of the non-government controlled areas of eastern Aleppo were in actually very much in favor of a freeze, even if they are - as we all are- doubtful of its sustainability. 

Mr. President, 
9. As I suggested in my press statement of last Friday in Vienna- and we know how press statements can go when one's defenses are down-  it is in this context that the Government of Syria, which is in control of the Syrian air military assets -and has substantial capacity in this regard- must partake of a solution to ease civilian suffering. This was the meaning of my statement. As you know I was in Damascus six days ago where the issue of the Aleppo freeze was raised with the Syrian authorities at the highest level.  I had a long meeting with President Bashar Assad. Following drawn out negotiations in the preceding months, am today in a position to indicate that on the basis of myrequest during this last visit that the Government of Syria assist the UN to implement a pilot project starting with a specific district in Aleppo, the Government of Syria and I am quoting coordinated language is willing to suspend for six weeks all, I repeat, all aerial attacks and artillery shelling throughout the city of Aleppo.  Based on this I now intend travel to Damascus in the coming four days and separately send a delegation to Aleppo no later than the last week of February to assess the conditions for a freeze in the contested district of Salahhadin  but linked to a halt of aerial bombardment in the whole city- following which I may be able to announce when the beginning of the six weeks will come into effect.  Any assessment would have to be carefully calibrated frankly in light of today's reports of an accelerated offensive by the government and pro-government forces, a stark reminder that it is the civilians of Aleppo city that need to be spared by heavy bombing and other continued hostilities. It is now with renewed urgency of course that I intend to actively engage the opposition to elicit their support of UN efforts in order to minimize the cost to civilians and for them too to do their part in avoiding any use of heavy weapons.

Mr. President, Members of the Council,
10. You have gone through lots of discussion on ceasefires and attempted ceasefires elsewhere in the world. In all frankness, we had not deluded ourselves that this was to be simply a glimmer of hope. What today's developments on the ground have only demonstrated is that words and expressions of willingness to protect those caught in the cross-fire have to be accompanied by actions. It is actions that the warring parties will be judged by, including by their fellow Syrians.  Today's reports also reinforce our belief that any initiative aiming at the reduction of violence, including the suspension of the most of egregious tool of violence in the form of aerial attacks and aerial shelling, must come into effect sooner than later.  Starting from a narrowed in scope area within the city of Aleppo, the freeze, should it gain traction, could generate movement towards incremental de-escalation and a gradual return to normalcy in the city. However, the freeze is not an end in itself.  I don't want to stay in your image as Mr. Freezze. The freeze is an entry point at a moment to work through the negative feelings that nothing can be done while we all wait and pray for peace. It is only a test. It is based on the premise of building confidence in an incremental fashion amongst the warring parties and by so doing create conditions for some dialogue.

11. Against the increased prominence of the counter-terrorism narrative in the political discourse, efforts towards attaining a freeze are consistent with the full and speedy implementation of resolutions 2170 and 2178.  These are important resolutions and we need to show that we want to implement them. But a purely military response to the threat posed by Daesh is not enough.The remedy and key goal is the same since 2011: a genuine inclusive Syrian-led political process that addresses the conflict’s root causes and its devastating impact.  And one that will require support of key regional and international players.  

Mr. President, 
12. Developing a shared vision for a new Syria is a daunting task, particularly given the competing narratives that have emerged from four years of systematic violation of human rights and continued conflict. Much shall depend on the new realities imposed by Daesh and its impact on the Syrian theatre in the coming months. A lot depends too on the attitude of the Syrian Government. Yet in this uncertain milieu, there are still some shared aspirations by everyone. Those pertain to the preservation of the Syrian state, and state institutions -as we learn to avoid a repetition of Libya, or Iraq. It is about preserving the territorial integrity. Intra-Syrian dialogue on such principles, whether through informal or direct talks, may help generate common ground to guide the future and more difficult negotiations on the exact form of a political settlement, which can only be decided by the Syrians themselves.

13. In this spirit the UN continues to assess ways to renew diplomatic efforts towards a process based on the international consensus enshrined in the Geneva Communiqué. Defining a political solution, and one that accounts for the new dimensions of the conflict, will involve tough decisions and compromise, with everyone putting aside their preconditions for launching talks.

14. As such, meetings last month in Cairo and Moscow we feel provided important openings. Cairo I was a serious attempt to bring together a wide range of opposition around a common set of criteria on the way forward. The Moscow Forum presented the additional advantage of offering a process that includes the government and opposition, in the hope that some confidence can be built between the parties by multiplying instances of interaction. These are but two of several proposed frameworks over the years.  Ongoing track II, civil society, women groups' initiatives too have been active in attempting to bring different groupings of Syrians around widely shared values. By hosting more inclusive and coordinated follow-up meetings with the Syrian actors in the next couple of months, coupled by signals of good faith, i.e. CBM like the one we have been desperately trying to produce in Aleppo with the freeze, Egyptian and Russian partners -and we are looking to them for this- can help us pave the way towards an initiative that brings all together under UN auspices. 

 Mr. President, Council members,
15. Since I took up my assignment the objective of my mission was to begin to relaunch a political process anchored in the Geneva Communique that would allow the Syrians to determine their own future. Now that we are about to make an initial step in implementing the freeze, and the Syrian opposition has taken some timid but positive steps to organize themselves around the Cairo and Moscow meetings, the time is ripe for the UN too to intensify its informal soundings around a range of issues for a more focused discussion informed by as many Syrian voices possible, building on Cairo an Moscow. 

16. This is not about us launching a separate top-down initiative within a prescribed timeframe. It rather entails: a) continuous exchange with civil society, locally and nationally; b) bringing all those amongst the opposition who have a stake into a process; c) informing the talks via constant UN regional engagement; and, d) garnering international governmental actors in a non-formalized setting, by way of sealing the emerging understandings.  The UN can only do so much without the concerted support of key member states, led by the Security Council, to which I will aim to report on progress once the beginnings of a substantive consensus have appeared.  

In conclusion, Mr. President, 
17. Let me summarize the bottom line.  I wish to reiterate that the meaning of my press comments in Vienna related specifically to the reduction of violence. There should be no misunderstanding on this point. Recent acceleration of military activities are a stark reminder that we must pursue "freeze" options to spare civilians. We are taking seriously the repines by the Government of Syria to halt for six weeks all airstrikes and artillery attacks over all of Aleppo city in order to allow the UN to test the benefits of a a pilot freeze area and hopefully produce incremental benefits. We hope the opposition will respond to the UN request positively to halt the use of heavy weapons in the city. We are not naive in deluding ourselves. Facts, not words, will prove if this is doable. Hence my intention to proceed back to the region. We will pursue the potential of a political process building on the Cairo and Moscow initiatives and aim at a UN enlarged initiative to promote a political solution to this conflict guided by pragmatism and the Geneva Communique.

Thank you.
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Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Egyptian draft resolution on Libya circulated by Jordan in the Security Council

The Security Council,

Reaffirming its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

Reaffirming that terrorism in all forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivations, whenever and by whomever committed, and remaining determined to contribute further to enhancing the effectiveness of the overall effort to fight this scourge on a global level,

Reaffirming the need to combat by all means, in accordance with Charter of the United Nations and International law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, stressing in this regard the important role the United Nations plays in leading and coordinating this effort,

Reaffirming its determination to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and international law, Daesh (also known as ISIL) and Al-Qaida splinters and affiliates everywhere, and urging all Member states to actively cooperate in this regard. 

Emphasizing that sanctions are an important tool under the Charter of the United Nations in the maintenance and restoration of international peace and security including countering terrorism, and underlining the importance of prompt and effective implementation of relevant resolutions, in particular Security Council resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) as key instruments in the fight against terrorism,

Recalling its Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1373 (2011), 1989 (2011), 2161 (2014), 2170 (2014), 2174 (2014), 2178 (2014), 2195 (2014) and 2199 (2015),

Recalls the resolution of the Council of League of Arab League on Libya no.7852 dated on 15 January 2015.

Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Libya,

Deploring the terrorist acts being committed by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities perpetrating terrorist activities in Libya  or associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, in particular the recent cowardly and heinous kidnapping and murdering of a number of Egyptian citizens,

Noting with concern the continued threat posed to international peace and security by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities perpetrating terrorist activities in Libya or associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, including in Southern Libya and reaffirming its resolve to address all aspects of that threat,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1.Condemns all terrorist acts being committed by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities perpetrating terrorist activities in Libya or associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, and emphasizes in this regard the need for a comprehensive approach to fully combat them;

2. Stresses the necessity of the full implementation of the related Security Council Resolutions on Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities perpetrating terrorist activities in Libya or associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, in particular Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011), 2161 (2014), 2170 (2014), 2174 (2014), 2178 (2014), and 2199 (2015);

3. Calls on Member States to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and International Law, threats to international peace and security in Libya caused by terrorist acts and in coordination with the legitimate government in Libya emanating from the   House of Representative (herein after referred to as the government of Libya); 

4. Emphasizes the necessity to provide support and assistance to the legitimate authorities in Libya, namely the House of Representatives and the government of Libya {as requested by the Libyans}, particularly by providing the Libyan government with the necessary security assistance; and stresses the necessity for all the militias controlling Tripoli to withdraw from the capital thereby allowing the return of the legitimate government to its national capital in Tripoli,

5. Recalls paragraph 12 of Resolution 2174 (2014) in which the Council affirms its readiness to review the appropriateness of the measures contained in this resolution, including strengthening, modifying, suspending and lifting of the measures and decides that the measures contained in paragraph 8 of the resolution shall no longer apply to the government of Libya. 

6. Condemns any attempt to supply, sell or transfer of arms and related materiel, including related ammunition and spare parts to non-state actors or entities in Libya, other than the government of Libya and directs the Committee to present to the Security Council within 30 days recommendations towards an enforcement mechanism in this regard.

7. Expresses strong support for the efforts of the government of Libya forces, and efforts of other members of the international community acting with the consent of and in coordination with the Libyan government, to combat terrorism in Libya;

8. Commends the efforts undertaken by the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in his quest for a political solution to the Libyan ongoing crisis.

9. Expresses its support to the United Nations led national dialogue between the House of Representatives, the Government of Libya, and the non- violent Libyan parties, and calls upon them to engage constructively with the initiative by the Special Representative of the Secretary General with the purpose of forming a national unity government, and commends their continued participation in the dialogue;

10. Recognizes the important roles of the African Union , the League of Arab States and Libya's neighboring countries with regard to finding a peaceful solution to the crises in Libya and commend their efforts in countering the threats to international peace and security posed by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities perpetrating terrorist activities in Libya or associated with Al-Qaida in Libya; 

11. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
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Egyptian draft resolution on Libya - First draft (Before amendments)

The Security Council,
  Reaffirming its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,
  Reaffirming that terrorism in all forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivations, whenever and by whomever committed, and remaining determined to contribute further to enhancing the effectiveness of the overall effort to fight this courage on a global level,
  Reaffirming the need to combat by all means, in accordance with Charter of the United Nations and International law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, stressing in this regard the important role the United Nations plays in leading and coordinating this effort,
  Emphasizing that sanctions are an important tool under the Charter of the United Nations in the maintenance and restoration of international peace and security including countering terrorism, and underlining the importance of prompt and effective implementation of relevant resolutions, in particular Security Council resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) as key instruments in the fight against terrorism,
  Recalling its Resolutions 1267(1999), 1989(2011), 2161(2014), 2170(2014), 2174(2014),2178(2014) and 2199(2015),
Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Libya,
Deploring the terrorist acts being committed by Daesh (also known as Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant), Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, in particular the recent brutal and unhuman kidnapping and murdering of a number of Egyptian citizens,
Noting with concern the continued threat posed to international peace and security by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, in particular in Southern Libya and reaffirming it's resolve to address all aspects of that threat,
  Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1- Condemns all terrorist acts being committed by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, and emphasizing in this regard the need for a comprehensive approach to fully disrupt them;
2- Stresses the necessity of the full implementation of the related Security Council Resolutions on Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida in Libya, in particular Resolutions 1267(1999), 1989(2011), 2161(2014), 2170(2014), 2174(2014), 2178(2014), and 2199(2015);
3- Reaffirms the need to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and International Law, threats to international peace and security in Libya caused by terrorist acts;
4- Emphasizes the necessity to provide support and assistance to the legitimate Authorities in Libya, particularly by providing the Libyan government with the necessary security assistance; and stresses the necessity for all the militias controlling Tripoli to withdraw from the capital thereby allowing the return of the legitimate government to its siege,
5- Welcomes the United Nations led dialogue between the non- violent Libyan parties as well as the decision by the Government of Libya and the House of Representatives to engage constructively with the initiative by the Special Representative of the Secretary General to conduct a political dialogue and calls upon them to continue their participation in that dialogue;
6- Expresses strong support for the efforts of the Libyan Government forces, and efforts of other members of the international community acting in coordination with the Libyan Government, to combat terrorism in Libya;
7- Recalls paragraph 12 of Resolution 2174(2014) in which the Council affirms it's readiness to review the appropriateness of the measures contained in this resolution, including strengthening, modifying, suspending and lifting of the measures and decides that the measures contained in paragraph 8 of the resolution shall no longer apply to the Libyan National Army under the command of the legitimate executive authority in Libya;
8- Recognizes the important role of the League of Arab States in matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security , and urges its Member States, in pursuance to the Charter of the United Nations, to fully cooperate and coordinate to counter the threats to international peace and security imposed by Daesh, Ansar Al Sharia and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida in Libya;
9- Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
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Saturday, February 14, 2015

Resolution 2201 on Yemen

The Security Council,
Recalling its resolutions 2014 (2011), 2051 (2012) and 2140 (2014) and presidential statements of 15 February 2013 and 29 August 2014,
Reaffirming its strong connnitment to the unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Yemen, and its commitment to stand by the people of Yemen,
Supporting the efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council and commending its engagement in assisting the political transition in Yemen,
Deploring the unilateral actions taken by the Houthis to dissolve parliament and take over Yemen's government institutions, which have seriously escalated the situation, expressing alarm at the acts of violence committed by the Homhis and their supporters, which have undermined the political transition process in Yemen, and jeopardized the security, stability, sovereignty and unity of Yemen,
Emphasizing that the political transitional process agreed upon by the parties in the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue conference, and the Peace and National Partnership Agreement has been undermined,
Expressing grave concern that the Houthis are holding Yemeni government officials, including President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Prime Minister Khalid Bahah and members of the Cabinet, under house arrest,
Expressing grave concern over reports of the use of child soldiers by Houthi forces, Ansar Al-Sharia, and government forces,
Underscoring the importance of all parties allowing all Yemenis to assemble peacefully without fear of attack, injury, arrest, or retaliation,
Noting the formidable economic, security and social challenges confronting Yemen, which have left many Yemenis in acute need of humanitarian assistance,
Emphasizing the need for the return to the implementation of the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism and the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue conference, including drafting a new constitution, electoral reform, the holding of a referendum on the draft constitution and timely general elections, to avoid further deterioration of the humanitarian and security situation in Yemen,
Reiterating the need tk)r comprehensive, independent and impartial investigations consistent with international standards into alleged human rights violations and abuses in line with the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, the Gull" Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, to ensure full accountability,
Stressing that the solution to the situation in Yemen is through a peaceful, inclusive, orderly and Yemeni-led political transition process that meets the legitimate demands and aspirations of the Yemeni people for peaceful change and meaningful political, economic and social reform, as set out in the Gull' Cooperation Council Initiative and Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, and the Peace and National Partnership Agreement, and in this regard reaffirms its full support for, and commitment to, the efforts of tile Special Advisor of the Secretary-General on Yemen, Mr. Jamal Benomar,
Condemning the growing number of attacks carried out or sponsored by Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, and expresses its determination to address this threat in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and international law including applicable human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, and in this regard, through the A1-Qaida sanctions regime administered by the Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) and reiterates its readiness, under the above-mentioned regime, to sanction further individuals, groups, undertakings and entities who do not cut off all ties to A1-Qaida and associated groups,
Expressing concern at the ability of Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula to benefit from the deterioration of the political and security situation in Yemen, mindful that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivation, whenever, wherever and by whomsoever committed,

 Recalling its determination in resolution 2140 (2014) that the situation in Yemen constitutes a threat to international peace and security,
1. Strongly deplores actions taken by the Houthis to dissolve parliament and take over Yemen's government institutions, including acts of violence;
2. Reiterates its call for all parties in Yemen to adhere to resolving their differences through dialogue and consultation, reject acts of violence to achieve political goals, and refrain from provocation and all unilateral actions to undermine the political transition;
3. Expresses grave concern over the takeover by the Houthis of state media outlets and rejects the use of the media to incite violence;
4. Strongly calls upon all parties, in particular the Houthis, to abide by the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the led democratic transition;
5. Urges all parties, in particular the Houthis, to accelerate inclusive UN-brokered negotiations, to continue the political transition in order to reach a consensus solution in accordance with the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue conference, and the Peace and National Partnership Agreement and its security annex, and to implement it;
6. Urges all parties to agree upon and announce publicly dates for completing the constitutional consultation process, to hold a referendum on the constitution, and to conduct elections under the new electoral law pursuant to the new constitution;
7. Demands that the Houthis immediately and unconditionally:
(a) engage in good faith in the UN-brokered negotiations;
(b) withdraw their forces from government institutions, including in the capital Sane'a, and normalize the security situation in the capital and other provinces, and relinquish government and security institutions;
(c) safely release President Hadi, Prime Minister Bahah, members of the Cabinet and all individuals under house arrest or arbitrarily detained;
(d) refrain from further unilateral actions that could undermine the political transition and the security of Yemen;
 8. Demands that all parties in Yemen cease all armed hostilities against the people and the legitimate authorities of Yemen and relinquish the arms seized from Yemen's military and security institutions, in accordance with the Peace and National Partnership Agreement and its security annex;
9. Calls on all member States to refrain from external interference which seeks to foment conflict and instability and instead to support the political transition;
10. Calls on all parties to abide by commitments to ensure the security of the diplomatic community and its premises;
ll. Requests the Secretary-General to continue his good offices role, notes with appreciation the work of his Special Adviser, Jamal Benomar, stresses the importance of the UN's close coordination with international partners, including the Gulf Cooperation Council, Group of Ambassadors in Sana'a, and other actors, in order to contribute to the successful transition;
12. Further requests the Secretary-General to continue to coordinate assistance from the international community in support of the transition, and to propose options for strengthening the office of the Special Adviser to enable him to fulfil his mandate, including on UN assistance for finalizing and adopting the draft constitution, undertaking electoral reform, holding genera! elections, and creating mechanisms for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration as well as security sector reform;
l3. Requests the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of this resolution, and to continue to report on developments in Yemen, including on the implementation of the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue conference, and the Peace and National Partnership Agreement and ils security annex within 15 days after the date of adoption of this resolution and every 60 days thereafter;
14. Declares its readiness to take further steps in case of non-implementation by any Yemeni party of this resolution, in particular paragraphs 5, 6, 7, and 8 above;

 15. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

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Thursday, February 12, 2015

Draft resolution on Yemen, drafted by GCC

The Security Council,
Recalling its resolutions 2014 (2011), 2051 (2012) and 2140 (2014) and presidential statements of 15 February 2013 and 29 August 2014, [UNSCR 2140 PP1]
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Yemen, and its commitment to stand by the people of Yemen, [based on PP2 UNSCR 2140]
Supporting the efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and commending its engagement in assisting the political transition in Yemen, [based on UNSCR 2140 PP3]
Stressing that the current security development in Yemen poses a threat to the security and stability of the region and the interests of its people, [new]
Stressing that the Houthi coup is a serious escalation, and expressing alarm at the hostile acts committed by the Houthis and their supporters, which have resulted in undermining the political process in Yemen, and jeopardizing the security, stability, sovereignty and unity of Yemen, [new]
Emphasizing that the political transitional process agreed upon by the parties to the GCC Initiative and Implementation Mechanism Agreement and the Peace and Partnership Agreement has been violated, [new]
Expressing grave concern at house arrest by the Houthis of Government officials, including President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Prime Minister Khalid Bahah and members of the Cabinet, [Press elements of Feb 6]
Expressing grave concern over reports of the use of child soldiers by Houthi forces, [PoE]
Noting the formidable economic, security and social challenges confronting Yemen, which have left many Yemenis in acute need of humanitarian assistance, [UNSCR 2140 PP11]
Emphasizing the need for the return to the implementation of the GCC Initiative and Implementation Mechanism to avoid further deterioration of the humanitarian and security situation in Yemen, [UNSCR 2140 PP18]
Reiterating the need for comprehensive, independent and impartial investigations consistent with international standards into alleged human rights violations and abuses in line with the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, the GCC Initiative, and the Implementation Mechanism, to ensure full accountability,  [UNSCR 2140 PP15]
Stressing that the solution to the situation in Yemen is through a peaceful, inclusive, orderly and Yemeni-led political transition process that meets the legitimate demands and aspirations of the Yemeni people for peaceful change and meaningful political, economic and social reform, as set out in the GCC Initiative and Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, and the Peace and Partnership Agreement, and in this regard expresses its support for the efforts of the Special Advisor of the Secretary-General on Yemen, Mr. Jamal Benomer [Based on UNSCR 2140 PP12]
Noting with grave concern the alarming increase of the number of incidents involving Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), [PoE report]
Expressing concern at AQAP’s ability to benefit from the deterioration of the security situation in Yemen, [PoE report]
Determining that the situation in Yemen constitutes a threat to international peace and security, [UNSCR 2140 PP20]
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, [UNSCR 2140 PP21]
1.   Strongly condemns the Houthis coup and unlawful seizure of power, including all use of violence, hostility and takeover of all of Yemen’s Government institutions and State infrastructure; [based on press elements of 6 Feb]
2.   Stresses its rejection of all unilateral acts, including attempts to change the status quo by force, or change the components and nature of society in Yemen; [new]
3.  Condemns attacks by the Houthis against private residences, houses of worship, schools, health centres, and medical infrastructure and equipment, [PoE]
4.   Expresses grave concern over the takeover by the Houthis of the media outlets and using it to incite violence, and frustrate the legitimate aspirations for peaceful change of the people of Yemen, [based on UNSRC 2140 OP5]
5.  Demands that all parties, in particular the Houthis, abide by the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative, the National Dialogue Conference Outcomes and the Peace and Partnership Agreement, and its security annex which provide for a Yemeni-led democratic transition; [based on press elements of 6 Feb]
6.   Demands that the Houthis immediately and unconditionally:
  (a)  withdraw their forces from Government institutions, and from all regions under their control, including in the capital Sanaa, 
  (b)  normalize the security situation in the capital and return Government and Security institutions to the State’s authority,
  (c) safely release all individuals under house arrest or detained,
  (d) cease all armed hostilities against the Government and people of Yemen and to handover the arms seized from the military and security institutions,
  (e) refrain from insisting on taking unilateral action that could undermine the political transition and the security of Yemen, [new]
7.  Calls on all member states to refrain from external interference which seeks to foment conflict and instability and instead to support the political transition. [PRST/2014/18].
8.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue his good offices role, stresses the importance of their close co-ordination between the GCC and other international partners, including the G10; [based on UNSCR2140 OP32]
9.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue to report on the implementation of this resolution within 15 days and every 15 days thereafter; [based on UNSCR2140 OP33]
10. Declares its readiness to take further steps in case of non-compliance with this resolution, in particular paragraphs 5 and 6 hereof, and if UN-led negotiations are not immediately resumed; [press elements of 6 Feb]

11. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
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Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Resolution 2199 on ISIS financing

10 February 2015
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,
Reaffirming that terrorism in all forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivations, whenever and by whomsoever committed,
Reaffirming the need to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and international law, including applicable international human rights, refugee, and humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, stressing in this regard the important role the United Nations plays in leading and coordinating this effort,
Emphasizing that sanctions are an important tool under the Charter of the United Nations in the maintenance and restoration of international peace and security including countering terrorism, and underlining the importance of prompt and effective implementation of relevant resolutions, in particular Security Council resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) as key instruments in the fight against terrorism,
Recalling its Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011), 2161 (2014), 2170 (2014), and 2178 (2014) and its Presidential Statements of 28 July 2014 and 19 November 2014, including its stated intention to consider additional measures to disrupt oil trade by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Daesh), Al-Nusrah Front (ANF) and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, as a source of terrorism financing,
Recognizing the importance of the role that financial sanctions play in disrupting ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and emphasizing also the need for a comprehensive approach to fully disrupt ISIL and ANF that integrates multilateral strategies with national action by Member States,
Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Republic of Iraq and the Syrian Arab Republic, and reaffirming further the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Reaffirming also that terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any religion, nationality, or civilization,
Stressing that terrorism can only be defeated by a sustained and comprehensive approach involving the active participation and collaboration of all States, and international and regional organizations to impede, impair, isolate and incapacitate the terrorist threat,
Expressing, in this regard, its deep appreciation for Arab League Resolution 7804 (September 7, 2014), the Paris Statement (September 15, 2014), the FATF statement on countering the financing of ISIL (October 24, 2014) and the Manama declaration on countering terrorist finance (November 9, 2014),
Reaffirming its resolution 1373 (2001) and in particular its decisions that all States shall prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts and refrain from providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons involved in terrorist acts, including by suppressing recruitment of members of terrorist groups and eliminating the supply of weapons to terrorists,
Recognizing the significant need to build capacities of Member States to counter terrorism and terrorist finance.
Reiterating its deep concern that oilfields and their related infrastructure, as well as other infrastructure such as dams and power plants, controlled by ISIL, ANF and potentially other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, are generating a significant portion of the groups' income, alongside extortion, private foreign donations, kidnap ransoms and stolen money from the territory they control, which support their recruitment efforts and strengthen their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks,
Condemning in the strongest terms abductions of women and children, expressing outrage at their exploitation and abuse, including rape, sexual abuse, forced marriage, committed by ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and encouraging all state and non-state actors with evidence to bring it to the attention of the Council, along with any information that human trafficking may support the perpetrators financially,
Reaffirming the obligation of Member States to freeze without delay funds and other financial assets or economic resources of persons who commit, or attempt to commit, terrorist acts or participate in or facilitate the commission of terrorist acts; of entities owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons; and of persons and entities acting on behalf of, or at the direction of such persons and entities, including funds derived or generated from property owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons and associated persons and entities,
Expressing its concern that economic resources such as oil, oil products, modular refineries and related material, other natural resources including precious metals such as gold, silver, and copper, diamonds, and any other assets are made available to ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and noting that direct or indirect trade with ISIL and ANF in such materials could constitute a violation of the obligations imposed by resolution 2161 (2014),
Reminding all States of their obligation to ensure that any person who participates in the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or in supporting terrorist acts is brought to justice,
Reaffirming its decision 2133 (2014) and noting again that ransom payments to terrorist groups are one of the sources of income which supports their recruitment efforts, strengthens their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks, and incentivizes future incidents of kidnapping for ransom,
Expressing concern at the increased use, in a globalized society, by terrorists and their supporters, of new information and communications technologies, in particular the Internet, to facilitate terrorist acts, as well as their use to incite, recruit, fund or plan terrorist acts,
Expressing grave concern at the increased incidents of kidnapping and hostage-murdering committed by ISIL, and condemning those heinous and cowardly murders which demonstrate that terrorism is a scourge impacting all of humanity and people from all regions and religions or belief.
Welcoming the report on ANF and ISIL from the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team, published on November 14, 2014, and taking note of its recommendations,
Noting with concern the continued threat posed to international peace and security by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and reaffirming its resolve to address all aspects of that threat,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
Oil Trade
1. Condemns any engagement in direct or indirect trade, in particular of oil and oil products, and modular refineries and related material, with ISIL, ANF and any other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities designated as associated with Al-Qaida by the Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011), and reiterates that such engagement would constitute support for such individuals, groups, undertakings and entities and may lead to further listings by the Committee;
2. Reaffirms that States are required by resolution 2161 (2014) to ensure that their nationals and those in their territory not make assets or economic resources, directly or indirectly, available to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and notes that this obligation applies to the direct and indirect trade in oil and refined oil products, modular refineries and related material;
3. Reaffirms that States are required by resolution 2161 (2014) to freeze without delay the funds and other financial assets or economic resources of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, including funds derived from property owned or controlled directly or indirectly, by them or by persons acting on their behalf or at their direction;
4. Reaffirms that States are required by resolution 2161 (2014) to ensure that no funds, other financial assets or economic resources are made available, directly or indirectly, by their nationals or by persons within their territory for the benefit of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
5. Recalls that funds and other financial assets or economic resources made available to or for the benefit of listed individuals or entities are not always held directly by them, and recalls in addition that in identifying such funds and benefits, States should be alert to the possibility that property owned or controlled indirectly by the listed party may not be immediately visible;
6. Confirms that economic resources include oil, oil products, modular refineries and related material, other natural resources, and any other assets which are not funds but which potentially may be used to obtain funds, goods or services;
7. Emphasizes therefore that States are required by UN Security Council resolution 2161 (2014) to freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and economic resources of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, including oil, oil products, modular refineries and related material and other natural resources owned or controlled by them, or persons acting on their behalf or at their direction, as well as any funds or negotiable benefit arising from such economic resources;

8. Recognizes the need to take measures to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorism, individual terrorists, and terrorist organizations, including from the proceeds of organized crime, inter alia, the illicit production and trafficking of drugs and their chemical precursors, and the importance of continued international cooperation to that aim;
9. Emphasizes that States are required to ensure that their nationals and persons in their territory not make available, directly or indirectly, any funds, other financial assets or economic resources, including oil, oil products, modular refineries and related material and other natural resources that are identified as directed to, collected for, or otherwise for the benefit of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, as well as any funds or negotiable benefit arising from such economic resources;
10. Expresses concern that vehicles, including aircraft, cars and trucks[, and oil tankers], departing from or going to areas of Syria and Iraq where ISIL, ANF or any other groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida operate, could be used to transfer oil and oil products, modular refineries and related material, cash, and other valuable items including natural resources such as precious metals and minerals like gold, silver, copper and diamonds, as well as grain, livestock, machinery, electronics, and cigarettes by or on behalf of such entities for sale on international markets, for barter for arms, or for use in other ways that would result in violations of the asset freeze or arms embargo in paragraph 1 of resolution 2161 (2014) and encourages Member States to take appropriate steps in accordance with international law to prevent and disrupt activity that would result in violations of the asset freeze or targeted arms embargo in paragraph 1 of resolution 2161 (2014);
11.  Reaffirms that all States shall ensure that any person who participates in the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or in supporting terrorist acts is brought to justice and ensure that such terrorist acts are established as serious criminal offenses in domestic laws and regulations and that the punishment duly reflects the seriousness of such terrorist acts, and emphasizes that such support may be provided through trade in oil and refined oil products, modular refineries and related material with ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida,
12. Decides that Member States shall inform the 1267/1989 Committee within 30 days of the interdiction in their territory of any oil, oil products, modular refineries, and related material being transferred to or from ISIL or ANF, and calls upon Member States to report to the Committee the outcome of proceedings brought against individuals and entities as a result of such activity;
13.  Encourages the submission of listing requests to the Committee by Member States of individuals and entities engaged in oil trade-related activities with ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida and directs the 1267/1989 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee to immediately consider designations of individuals and entities engaged in oil trade-related activities with ISIL, the ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida
14. Calls upon Member States to improve international, regional, and subregional cooperation, including through increased sharing of information for the purpose of identifying smuggling routes used by ISIL and ANF, and for Member States to consider provision of technical assistance and capacity building to assist other Member States to counter smuggling of oil and oil products, and modular refineries and related material, by ISIL, ANF and any other individual, group, undertaking or entity associated with Al-Qaida;
Cultural Heritage
14. Condemns the destruction of cultural heritage in Iraq and Syria particularly by ISIL and ANF, whether such destruction is incidental or deliberate, including targeted destruction of religious sites and objects;
15. Notes with concern that ISIL, ANF and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, are generating income from engaging directly or indirectly in the looting and smuggling of cultural heritage items from archaeological sites, museums, libraries, archives, and other sites in Iraq and Syria, which is being used to support their recruitment efforts and strengthen their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks;
16. Reaffirms its decision in paragraph 7 of resolution 1483 (2003) and decides that all Member States shall take appropriate steps to prevent the trade in Iraqi and Syrian cultural property and other items of archaeological, historical, cultural, rare scientific, and religious importance illegally removed from Iraq since 6 August 1990 and from Syria since 15 March 2011, including by prohibiting cross-border trade in such items, thereby allowing for their eventual safe return to the Iraqi and Syrian people and calls upon the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Interpol, and other international organizations, as appropriate, to assist in the implementation of this paragraph;
Kidnapping for Ransom and External Donations
17. Reaffirms its condemnation of incidents of kidnapping and hostage-taking committed by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida for any purpose, including with the aim of raising funds or gaining political concessions and expresses its determination to prevent kidnapping and hostage-taking committed by terrorist groups and to secure the safe release of hostages without ransom payments or political concessions, in accordance with applicable international law;
18. Reaffirms that the requirements of paragraph 1(a) of resolution 2161 (2014) apply to the payment of ransoms to individuals, groups, undertakings or entities on the Al-Qaida Sanctions List, regardless of how or by whom the ransom is paid, emphasizes that this obligation applies to ISIL and ANF, and calls upon all Member States to encourage private sector partners to adopt or to follow relevant guidelines and good practices for preventing and responding to terrorist kidnappings without paying ransom; 
19. Reiterates its call upon all Member States to prevent terrorists from benefiting directly or indirectly from ransom payments or from political concessions and to secure the safe release of hostages, and reaffirms the need for all Member States to cooperate closely during incidents of kidnapping and hostage-taking committed by terrorist groups;
20. Expresses its grave concern of reports that external donations continue to make their way to ISIL, ANF and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and recalls the importance of all Member States complying with their obligation to ensure that their nationals and persons within their territory do not make donations to individuals and entities designated by the Committee or those acting on behalf of or at the direction of designated entities;
21. Stresses that donations from individuals and entities have played a role in developing and sustaining ISIL and ANF, and that Member States have an obligation to ensure that such support is not made available to those terrorist groups and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida by their nationals and persons within their territory, and urges Member States to address this directly through enhanced vigilance of the international financial system and by working with their non-profit and charitable organizations to ensure financial flows through charitable giving are not diverted to ISIL, ANF or any other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
Banking
22. Urges Member States to take steps to ensure that financial institutions within their territory prevent ISIL, ANF or other individuals, groups, undertakings or entities associated with Al-Qaida from accessing the international financial system;
Arms and related materiel
23. Reaffirms its decision that States shall prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale, or transfer to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida from their territories or by their nationals outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and technical advice, assistance or training related to military activities, as well as its calls for States to find ways of intensifying and accelerating the exchange of operational information regarding traffic in arms, and to enhance coordination of efforts on national, subregional, regional and international levels;
24. Expresses concern at the proliferation of all arms and related materiel of all types, in particular man-portable surface-to-air missiles, to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and its potential impact on regional and international peace and security and impeding efforts to combat terrorism in some cases;
25. Reminds Member States of their obligation pursuant to paragraph 1(c) of resolution 2161 (2014), to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms and related materiel of all types to listed individuals and entities, including ISIL and ANF;
26. Calls upon all States to consider appropriate measures to prevent the transfer of all arms and related materiel of all types, in particular man-portable surface-to-air missiles, if there is a reasonable suspicion that such arms and related materiel would be obtained by ISIL, the ANF or other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
Asset Freeze
27. Reaffirms that the requirements in paragraph 1 (a) of Security Council resolution 2161 apply to financial and economic resources of every kind, including but not limited to those used for the provision of Internet hosting or related services, used for the support of Al-Qaida and other individuals, groups, undertakings or entities included on the Al-Qaida Sanctions List;
Reporting
28. Calls upon Member States to report to the Committee within  120 days on the measures they have taken to comply with the measures imposed in this resolution;
29. Requests the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team, in close cooperation with other United Nations counter-terrorism bodies to conduct an assessment of the impact of these new measures and to report to the Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) within 150 days, and thereafter to incorporate reporting on the impact of these new measures into their reports to the Committee in order to track progress on implementation, identify unintended consequences and unexpected challenges, and to help facilitate further adjustments as required, and further requests the Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) to update the Security Council on the implementation of this resolution as part of its regular oral reports to the Council on the state of the overall work of the Committee and the Monitoring Team,
30. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. 
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